'Gold leaf paint', shell gold, gold ink, etc

'Gold leaf paint' may mean a number of things, but it best describes an expensive gilding medium which is also known as 'shell gold' or occasionally 'tablet gold'. Other kinds of gold leaf paint are also discussed further down this page.


a small pan of gold leaf paint, partly used, with brushes

Shell gold

Shell gold, the original gold-leaf paint, is generally supplied as a small rectangular tablet of finely powdered real gold mixed with a little water-soluble binding medium. The tablet of gold is stuck down in a small round plastic pan using a neutral gum or glue. The whole lot is then wrapped in a small sheet of tissue and packed in a tiny box. (The example above has been well used, by me.)

Its old name, 'shell gold', derives from the cockle-shells which were originally used in Europe as the pan or dish in which the little lump of powdered gold paint would sit while it was being used.

Using shell gold

As you can imagine, shell gold is expensive. But it's extremely handy. This kind of gold leaf paint has been used extensively over many centuries for book illumination in Western and Eastern cultures. Very fine shell gold can be used to create astonishingly delicate, shimmering detail over the top of paint which has already been applied. Because it's easier to use in small or detailed areas than leaf gold, it can often be found as part of a complex design or a series of thin gold lines. It's not generally used for large areas because it's even more expensive per square centimetre than real leaf gold.

Shell gold comes in a variety of shades which in the UK at least are often romantically named in French:

  • 'or jaune' ('yellow gold') is a classic, expensive-looking 22-carat gold colour
  • 'or rouge' ('red gold') has a warmer, more coppery hue
  • 'or citron' ('lemon gold') is a lovely light crisp yellow
  • 'or vert' ('green gold') is a cool shade which is useful for more subtle gilding effects among blues and greens

Making shell gold from gold leaf

Should you wish to make your own gold leaf paint from your extensive supplies of scrap gold leaf (hah!), you must grind your gold leaf finely with honey and salt (which keep the particles of gold separate as they are pounded), using a ceramic pestle and mortar, for at least 30 minutes until the mixture is uniformly beige. Then carefully wash away the additives to leave behind pure fine gold dust. This should be moistened with gum-water and a little glair (beaten and settled egg-white), shaped and allowed to dry before use. Good luck. I buy mine ready-made from goldleafsupplies.co.uk or Cornelissen's in London.

And for much more about the history and techniques of gold-leaf paint and other gilding media for scribes and calligraphers, along with several eyebrow-raising recipes, you can't do better than The Gilded Page: The History and Technique of Manuscript Gilding by Kathleen Whitley.

Other kinds of gold paint

'Gold leaf paint' can also refer to any number of gold-coloured or gold-effect paints for use in paper art, or on signs, furniture, and interior or exterior surfaces. These vary considerably in quality, price, and degree of 'goldenness'.

Gold-effect paints and inks are often made from fine yellow metallic particles suspended in a medium such as gum, glycerine, acrylic etc. The medium dries and leaves the particles as a gold-coloured layer.

Gold inks can be made up at home from real gold-leaf paint (warning: extremely expensive) or from cheaper gold-effect paints, or bought ready mixed. Such inks tend to behave rather splodgily with dip-nibs, and can't be used with any other kind of calligraphy pen. They are best suited for large lettering because of their rather coarse texture. Agitate the ink very well for some time before use to get the gold-coloured particles evenly distributed.

For outdoor work, or very large pieces of temporary calligraphy, real gold-leaf paint or artists' paints are not really an option. You might want to look at the various metallic spray-paints or even car-paints that are available. Some rust-retardant paints give a hammered metallic finish which can be very attractive.

Many different colours, textures and finishes of 'gold leaf paint' are on offer now, and really it's best to experiment with what's available to find out which suit you best.

Here are a few bargain-priced examples to set you off:

Cheap and cheerful: Shimmering Metallic Acrylic Paint 2oz-Inca Gold

A somewhat better quality paint: Acrylic 'Interference Gold' (fine) 2oz


And even 200ml of best-gold-effect Winsor & Newton art-quality acrylic is still many times cheaper than real gold-leaf paint -- and it comes in various colours, too. (By the way -- that less expensive one above is only 60ml, not 200ml).



Go back to the 'Gold Leafing & Gilding' page for more info and links

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